YOUTH EMPOWERMENT AND OPPORTUNITIES IN AGRICULTURE BUSINESS ➖A TALK DELIVERED BY WEMI JONES, FCIB AT THE ANNUAL GENERAL MEETING OF OGIDI DEVELOPMENT ASSOCIATION( ODA) ON 26TH DECEMBER, 2017

YOUTH-The time of life after childhood. The period of transition from the dependance of childhood to adulthood's independence.

Empowerment-The process of becoming stronger  and more confident especially in controlling one's life and claiming one's  right.

Youth empowerment-The process where young people  are encouraged to take charge of their lives. This is done by addressing their situation and take necessary action in order to prove their access to resources and transform their consciousness through beliefs, values and attitudes.

The youths as it's being said always are the leaders of tomorrow but not till tomorrow but leaders of today; so empowering them is of great importance.

Youth empowerment  is one of the biggest  problems we have in Nigeria, and even in the world at large but in many developing nations, youth empowerment has become the last resort.

_Importance of youth empowerment_

➖Reduction of poverty
➖Quality education
➖Good governance
➖Reduction in crime rate/improved security
➖National growth
➖Technological development
➖Job  / employment creation

_How to empower the youths_

➖Smile
➖Being positive
➖Challenge others
➖Encourage creativity ( initiatives)
➖Doing things together / team work
➖Share ideas
➖Teach/ skills acquisition
➖Give genuine compliment
➖Mobilize
➖Participate
➖Live outside your comfort zone

Opportunities- A time or set of circumstances that makes it possible to do something.

Agriculture- Cultivation and rearing of animals  l, plants, fungi for food, fiber, biofuel, medicine e.t. c for sustaining and enhancing of life ( farming).

Business- Commercial enterprise.

Agricultural Business- Commercial activities that take place within agriculture practices - farming from production till it gets to the final consumer -value chain

Value chain -production processing ,Marketing,Transportation e.t.c

There are many opportunities as much as your imagination limits you to dream of in the value chain  of the numerous enterprise  of agriculture e.g.

➖Crop farming
➖Fish farming
➖Poultry
➖Piggery e. g.
➖Rabbit
➖Grasscutter
➖Snail
➖Goat
➖Sheep
➖Cow

Organic farming / indigenous practices

*Opportunities  like*

➖Having a small vegetable farm
Sell vegetables  without farming
➖Rent Agricultural tools
➖Making compost or pot soil
➖Start a nursery and sell seedings
➖Consulting services
Arrange farm visits and trainings
➖Buying points of lays
➖Sales of  eggs
➖Buy and sell old layers
➖Having a poultry 
➖Hatching fingerling and selling
➖Buying fingerling /➖juveniles and rearing to tables size
➖Having an agro shop- Chemicals, seeds, other and inputs
➖Smoking fish for sales
➖Having a pen / pens for pig rearing
Processing of pock ( packaging)  e. t. c.

Event export - farm produce

*Funding*

➖Personal saving
➖Support from friends and family
➖Cooperative saving
➖Creation of endowment fund
➖Bank loans ( individual and group)
➖Political intervention
➖World Bank assisted programs

*Risk Management*

*Some types of risk*

➖Fulani herdsmen
➖Fire
➖Theft
➖Natural Occurrence - flood, lack of rains, bird flu e. t. c

*Mitigation*

➖Insurance cover
➖Liaison with Fulani herdsmen
➖Controlled bush burning
E. t. c

Thank you for your attention.

WEMI JONES, FCIB

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